National Institute of Technology Durgapur (NIT Durgapur):
The National Institute of Technology Durgapur also known as NIT Durgapur or NITD, is a Central Government engineering college located inDurgapur, West Bengal, India. Formerly known as the Regional Engineering College, Durgapur (REC Durgapur), it is among the first 8 Regional Engineering Colleges established in India and was founded in 1960 by the then Chief Minister of West Bengal, Dr. Bidhan Chandra Roy. Today it is one of the 30 National Institutes of Technology in India and has been recognised as an Institute of National Importance by the Government of India under theNational Institutes of Technology Act, 2007. According to the National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF), the institute is ranked 30 in the 2016 engineering university rankings.
In order to serve the growing demand for trained technical manpower, the Government of India started 14 RECs between 1959 and 1965 (NITs located at Allahabad, Bhopal, Calicut, Durgapur, Jamshedpur, Jaipur, Kurukshetra, Nagpur, Rourkela,Srinagar, Surathkal, Surat, Tiruchirappalli, and Warangal).
Inside the Campus
The National Institute of Technology, Durgapur (formerly Regional Engineering College, Durgapur) was established in 1960 under an Act of the Parliament of Indiaas one of the eight such colleges, as a co-operative venture between theGovernment of India and the Government of West Bengal aimed to function as a pace setter for engineering education in the country and to foster national integration. It is a fully funded premier Technological Institution of the Government of India and is administered by an autonomous Board of Governors. The college was given autonomy in financial and administrative matters to achieve rapid development.
In 1998, a review committee "High Powered Review Committee (HPRC)" was set up by the Union Government for review of RECs. The HPRC, under the chairmanship of Dr. R.A. Mashelkar, submitted its report entitled "Strategic Road Map for Academic Excellence of Future RECs" in 1998. Following the recommendations of HPRC, in 2002, the Union Ministry of Human Resource Development, Government of India upgraded, all the 17 Regional Engineering Colleges (RECs) to National Institutes of Technology (NITs). In July 2003, the institution was granted Deemed University status with the approval of the UGC/AICTE and was renamed National Institute of Technology, Durgapur.
On 5 June 2007, the Parliament of India passed the National Institutes of Technology Act declaring it an Institute of National Importance which came in effect on Independence Day 2007.
In 2010, NIT-Durgapur celebrated its Golden Jubilee (completing 50 years).